What is a narcissistic personality disorder?
The narcissistic personality disorder is a personality disorder that is characterized by a lack of empathy with others.
Individuals who have this disorder have a grandiose perception about themselves, seek admiration from others but have shallow feelings towards other people.
Individuals with this condition often considered as arrogant. This is because they tend to rely on their personal evaluation. They tend to disregard others opinion and suggestion.
The only thing that matters to them is their own importance. In most cases, they view themselves as superior to most people. As a result, they believe that they are entitled to special treatment.
The narcissistic personality disorder may start to manifest during childhood. The behaviors associated with this condition can be seen in an individual at work, school, or in other contexts.
People with NPD cannot stand with criticism and rejection. They cannot tolerate defeat. All they want is admiration because it boosts their self-esteem.
They may look like strong on the outside but they are actually weak on the inside.
Because of their love for dominance and personal success, people with a narcissistic personality disorder can be extremely successful. Their self-confidence and assertiveness can be the powerful tool in achieving their goals.
However, high self-confidence and assertiveness can lead to overestimation of others’ abilities. As a result, “narcissistic people” are hated in school, at school, or in their relationship.
How do you know that you are a narcissistic person?
Like other personality disorders, NPD causes several salient behaviors. People with a narcissistic personality disorder may behave differently from others.
Symptoms of Narcissistic Personality Disorder
You may be narcissistic if you have five or more symptoms from the list below:
- Extreme personal importance
- Grandiosely fantasize superiority in power, mental ability, appearance, and success in many areas of life
- Believes that you are entitled to special treatment by others
- Excessively long for admiration and attention from others
- Manipulate others just to get what you want
- Indifferent to others’ opinions and feelings
- Easily get envied for others’ achievements
- Manifest arrogant attitudes towards others
Generally, a narcissistic personality disorder is commonly found among males.
The symptoms mentioned above can be seen among adolescents. However, it does not follow that the most adolescents are narcissistic.
Adolescents may have been inspired by their idols in social media and peers. And such influence reflects in their behaviors associated with NPD.
Causes of narcissistic personality disorder
What causes NPD? Like many personality disorders, the cause of NPD is still not clearly defined.
Experts believe that the development of this condition can be attributed to several factors. More often than not, the genetic or biological and environmental are usually considered as the contributing factors.
Cognitive theorists, on the other hand, argued that NPD is the outcome of unrealistic admiration during childhood.
Due to the early overvaluation by the loved ones and significant others, a person may develop an extreme self-confidence and self-worth.
As a result, that person may then believe that he/she must be exempted from the rules.
Treatments for narcissistic personality disorder
Treating NPD may be more challenging than finding its causes. The reason being is that people with this condition are defensive. They don’t believe that they suffer from this disorder.
However, some therapies may work well. Most of the time, individual and group therapies can be effective in treating narcissistic personality disorder.
I’m a licensed psychometrician, author, and blogger. I’m currently working as a University instructor teaching psychology. I love writing and doing psychological research.