What is narcissistic personality disorder?
Some people call it “narcissist personality disorder” or “narcissist personality”. However, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) formally called it a narcissistic personality disorder. The essential feature of this disorder is the long pattern of grandiosity and demand for constant admiration while lacking empathy. But people with narcissistic personality disorder are vulnerable to any form of criticism.
A narcissistic personality disorder can negatively affect a person in many ways. A person with this mental disorder may fail in their relationship, job, academic, and financial undertakings. Because people with this disorder always demand attention and admiration, people may consider them self-centered.
Symptoms of narcissistic personality disorder
A narcissistic personality disorder is one of many personality disorders. These disorders are mental conditions that drive a person to behave differently from the societal norm. As a result, these behaviors affect a person’s daily functioning.
People with narcissistic personality disorder are boastful and pretentious. They tend to be the center of conversations. To get others’ attention, a person with this disorder tends to outperform others by belittling them and looking them down. This is because people with narcissistic personality disorder always aim for entitlement. However, if they don’t get what they want, they may automatically feel angry. All they want is to be the best and to have the best thing they could possibly desire.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) set criteria for this disorder. The following are some of the features:
- Having self-importance and long for superiority
- Preoccupied with fantasies, success, power, beauty, or ideal
- Believe to be entitled of public appreciation
- Always long for admiration
- Takes advantage of others especially the inferior ones
- Unwilling or neglectful of others’ feelings and needs
- Envious of others’ or believe that others are envious of them
- Arrogant and malicious
A narcissistic personality disorder is related to other disorders such as anorexia nervosa, substance abuse disorders, histrionic, borderline, and paranoid personality disorder.
Approximately, there is about 6 percent of people who have narcissistic personality disorder. And 50-75 percent are male. Most of the people who suffer from this disorder are adolescents.
Causes of narcissistic personality disorder
Experts do not know exactly what causes narcissistic personality. However, a narcissistic disorder is associated with many factors. It involves imbalance parenting that may range from excessive care or excessive criticism. In addition, psychobiology is also believed to be a significant factor. According to this assumption, a narcissist personality is an interaction of brain function, behavior and thought processes.
Treatment of narcissistic personality disorder
Although there is no treatment, narcissistic personality disorder can be resolved through psychotherapy. The purpose of therapy is to alter a person’s poor self-esteem with a realistic assessment of the world and other people. When dealing with narcissistic children, it can be helpful to balance the parenting strategy. Those parents who give too much appreciation may reduce it, while those who are neglectful should fill the gap.
Although no clear cure is available, narcissists can escape from this disorder by learning adaptive ways in relating with others. However, the improvement depends heavily on the narcissists whether or not they are willing to change for the better.
I’m a licensed psychometrician, author, and blogger. I’m currently working as a University instructor teaching psychology. I love writing and doing psychological research.